Riparian zones buffer the impacts on adjacent water bodies from human land use activities while supporting aquatic as well as terrestrial habitats.
Riparian zones are defined as land areas
located adjacent to water bodies, often naturally
vegetated with grasses, shrubs and trees.
Effective riparian zones function as efficient traps, filtering out sediments and nutrients.
They provide structure for ephemeral or intermittent channel flow.
Vegetation closest to the water-body provides
cover and habitat for wildlife, helps maintain normal water temperatures, slows over-bank flows, and provides energy in aquatic systems.
Vegetative roots, especially from woody plants and trees, decrease erosion of the banks and shorelines.
During certain periods or under certain
circumstances, riparian zones play significant roles in changing water quality as well as in the life stages and life-sustaining activities of many aquatic animals.
Natural riparian areas also provide important habitat and travel corridors for terrestrial wildlife.
Both grassed and forested…
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